Entries by Lawrope

EU Investments Treaty with China: Making Headway?

The EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI) was signed on December 30, 2020 under the energetic push of Berlin, determined to take advantage of Beijing’s sudden flexibility on the terms of the bilateral investment agreement. Whether or not it is relevant to see it as part of Beijing’ efforts to pre-empt improving US-EU relations shall […]

The proof of foreign law in Spanish court proceedings

In judicial practice it is increasingly common to find that a court has to apply a national law different from the law of the State where the procedure is taking place, either because the parties have agreed to it – usually because of the inclusion of a choice-of-law clause in a contract – or because […]

News: UK-EU Trade and Co-operation Agreement N° 1

  On 24 December 2020, with a certain political theatricality, agreement on a UK-EU Trade and Co-operation (the “TCA”) was announced. In the opening paragraph of his foreword to the Summary Explainer of the TCA (the “Summary Explainer”), issued by the UK government on 27 December 2020, the Prime Minister, Mr Johnson, confirmed: “This Agreement […]

Limited companies regulations in Spain

Limited Companies (Sociedades Limitadas) in Spain are mainly regulated by the Commercial Code approved by Royal Decree August 28th 1885 and the Companies Law Act approved by Royal Legislative Decree 1/2010 of July 2nd. The Incorporation Notary Deeds of all companies have bylaws establishing the conditions for the operation of the company, including the rules […]


In November, the Brazilian member of Lawrope, Emerenciano, Baggio e Associados – Attorneys at Law celebrated 31 years of success. The firm has, over the years, consistently provided exceptional legal services to its more than three thousand clients, in over seventy thousand cases. Emerenciano, Baggio e Associados is also proud to announce that this year […]

The new EU Directive for the European class action

On December 4th 2020, the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU) published the long-awaited Directive 2020/1828 of the European Parliament and of the Council of November 25th on representative actions for the protection of the collective interests of consumers. The directive, which must be transposed by the EU Member States into their respective laws […]

Can I travel to Spain?

Following the latest measure announced for travelling to Spain whereby a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arriving in Spain must be provided, some people interested in travelling to Spain who had been aware of the tourism restrictions until now may have some doubts although they may think that this has […]